Dangerously high blood glucose levels cause ketoacidosis. A blood glucose level over 600 for several hours is taken into account extremely dangerous and will be treated at a hospital. Hyperglycemia is the medical term for elevated blood glucose levels. consistent with the American Diabetes Association, blood sugars quite 240 can cause ketoacidosis – a condition where the body starts using fat for energy. Ketoacidosis can cause coma and death.
Ketones And High blood glucose
When blood glucose levels are high for prolonged periods of your time and therefore the body starts using fat for energy, toxic ketones are produced. The presence of ketones is often measured within the urine. they’re the acid byproduct of fat breakdown. Diabetes is the commonest explanation for high blood glucose levels. Hyperglycemia also can be caused by acute pancreatitis. Early symptoms include frequent urination that results in dehydration and excessive thirst. blood glucose quite 600 for several hours could then cause difficulty breathing, weakness, confusion and decreased level of consciousness.
Blood sugar levels become dangerously high when the body doesn’t have enough insulin, which is produced within the pancreas. When ketones develop within the body, the liver produces more glucose to correct the matter, but without insulin, blood glucose levels still rise. For patients diagnosed with diabetes, ketoacidosis can develop from missed insulin doses, not enough insulin, infection, trauma or other acute illness.
Prolonged high blood glucose levels can cause swelling within the brain – cerebral edema. Children are more susceptible, but adult cases are documented, consistent with Elliot J. Crane, MD, Departments of Pediatrics and Anesthesiology, Stanford University center. Other complications include organ damage from low vital signs, attack and renal failure.
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Prompt treatment of an high extremely high blood glucose level is paramount to stop complications. Insulin and intravenous fluids are necessary to normalize glucose levels. Medications to regulate vomiting and respiratory support with oxygen or ventilator support could be necessary to correct acidosis. The underlying explanation for high blood glucose must even be addressed. Glucose levels of 600 for extended periods are likely to cause other imbalances. Sodium, potassium, CO2 and chloride levels should be closely monitored and replaced as required .
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