What are normal blood sugar levels?
Normal blood glucose levels are but 100 mg/dL after not eating (fasting) for a minimum of eight hours.
During the day, levels tend to be at their lowest just before meals. For most people without diabetes, For some people, 60 is normal; for others, 90 is the norm.
What is a low blood sugar level?
What’s considered a low sugar level varies widely. Many people’s glucose won’t ever fall below 60, even with prolonged fasting. When you diet or fast, the liver keeps your amounts normal by turning fat and muscle into sugars. A few people’s amounts may fall somewhat lower.
Exactly what is a fasting plasma glucose test?
And what are its risks?
According to the American Diabetes Association, which can lead to diabetes if you don’t make healthy lifestyle changes that your doctor recommends. It also raises the danger for a heart condition, although not the maximum amount as diabetes does. It’s possible to stay prediabetes from becoming diabetes with diet and exercise.
Why is high blood glucose bad for you?
Your pancreas then tries to make up for it and insulin levels stay too high. Over time, the pancreas is usually permanently damaged. High levels of blood sugar also can cause changes that result in a hardening of the blood vessels, which doctors call atherosclerosis.
What problems arise coming from damaged arteries?
Damaged blood vessels can cause problems such as:
Kidney disease or kidney failure, requiring dialysis
Vision loss or blindness
A weakened system, with a greater risk of infections
Nerve damage, also called neuropathy, that causes tingling, pain, or less sensation in your feet, legs, and hands
Poor circulation to the legs and feet
Slow wound-healing and the potential for amputation in rare cases
What are the blood sugar goals for people with diabetes?
The American Diabétes Association’s goals for blood sugár control in people with diabetes are 70 to 130 mg/dL before meals and less than 180 mg/dL after meals.