Diabetes Home Tests Explained
What are diabetes home tests?
Testing blood glucose (sugar) is an essential part of your diabetes care plan. Depending on your current condition, you may need to visit your doctor several times a year for formal testing.
You will also need to go to your doctor for preventive testing,
While staying in touch with your doctor is important for staying on top of your treatment plan, you can and should test your blood sugar on your own as long as the healthcare team advises you to.
Self-monitoring your blood glucose may be vital to your treatment. Testing the own levels allows you to learn how to manage your blood sugar no matter the time of day or where you are.
Learn how these tests work and talk to your doctor about the benefits of self-monitoring.
Who should use diabetes home assessments?
Your doctor will help you decide if you need to test out your blood sugar at home. If you do, they’ll work out how often you should test and at what times of day. They’ll also tell you what your blood glucose targets are. You may consider diabetes home checks if you have:
type 1 diabetes
type 2 diabetes
symptoms of diabetes
By keeping track of blood glucose, you can discover problems in your current diabetes care.
According to the Centers intended for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), normal blood glucose ranges between 70 and 140 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) is below seventy mg/dL, and high blood glucose (hyperglycemia) is usually well above 140 mg/dL.
By maintaining glucose at a normal range, you may help prevent diabetes complications such as:
Blood glucose tests come in varying forms, but they all have the same purpose: to tell you what your blood sugar level is at that point in time. Most house tests need:
a lancet (small needle) and a lancing or lancet device (to hold the needle)
a glucose meter
cords to download data (if needed)
Home testing follows these general steps:
Wash your hands.
Put a lancet into the lancet gadget so that it’s ready to go.
Place a new test strip into the Machine.
Prick your finger with the lancet in the protective lancing device.
Carefully place the subsequent drop of blood onto the test remove and wait for the results.
Results should generally show up within seconds.
With some meters, you need to be sure the code on the deprive matches the code on the inmiscuirse.
Also, make sure to check the date on the strips every once in a while to make sure they aren’t out of date.
Finally, most meters now have a way to use an alternative site for screening, including your forearm. Talk to your doctor to decide what is best for you.
Tips for accurate tests
The fingers traditionally offer the most accurate results. Some tests allow you to prick the thigh or perhaps arm, but you need to check with your physician before doing so.
According to the Mayo Clinic, your medical professional will likely recommend a few testing per day if you take insulin (the exact number depends on the amount and type of insulin).
Ask for your doctor if and how often you should check yourself if you don’t take insulin.
You may consider an assessment before and after meals to see just how your diet affects blood glucose. It’s especially important to test after eating simple carbohydrates or sugary foods to make sure your blood sugar isn’t too high.
It’s also important to test whenever you make a change to your treatment plan or if you feel you’re getting sick.
A blood glucose chart is essential to get tracking your results. Whether you keep a record of your readings on paper or perhaps electronically, having this information can help you identify patterns and potential problems.
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You should save your charts and take them on your next visit with the doctor. When writing down the results, also be certain to log:
the guide date and time of the test|the time and date of the test
any medications you’re taking, as well as the dosage
whether the test out was before or after a meal
foods you ate (if after a meal, note the carbohydrate content of that meal)
any workouts you did that day and when you did them
Home examining vs. medical testing
Self-monitoring your blood glucose is crucial pertaining to determining how your diabetes is doing on a daily basis.
It’s unreasonable to assume that a few exams a year at the doctor’s office can give an accurate portrayal of your condition because glucose levels fluctuate throughout the day. However , this doesn’t mean that residence tests ought to replace your regular precautionary testing either.
In addition to self-monitoring in the home, your doctor will likely suggest an A1c test. It measures just how your blood glucose has been averaging over the last two to three months.
Based on the American Association for Clinical Chemistry, A1c tests will be ordered up to four times per year.
Getting regular lab tests can also help you determine how well you’re controlling your diabetes. They’ll likewise help you and your healthcare group decide how often to use your home test, as well as what your target reading should be.
Know the numbers
Self-monitoring your blood sugar is essential to maintaining your health.
The CDC recommends that if your psychic readings are unusually low (below 60 mg/dL) or high (above 300 mg/dL), you call a medical expert right away or seek emergency medical attention.