What are the early signs of type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes causes a person’s blood sugar levels to become too high. Recognizing the early signs or symptoms of this chronic condition can result in a person getting treatment sooner, which reduces the risk of severe complications.
3 million adults in the United States have diabetes. The report also estimated that another 84. 1 million U. S. adults have prediabetes.
People with prediabetes have higher-than-normal blood sugar levels, but doctors do not consider them to have diabetes yet. According to the CDCTrusted Source, people with prediabetes often develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years if they do not get treatment.
And symptoms can be mild during the early stages. As a result, many people may not realize that they have this condition.
In this article, we look at the early on signs of type 2 diabetes and the importance of early diagnosis. We also discuss the chance factors for developing this condition.
The early signs or symptoms of diabetes mellitus type 2 can include:
1. Frequent urination
When blood sugar levels are high, the kidneys try to remove the excess sugar by filtering it out of the blood. This can lead to a person needing to urinate more frequently, particularly at night.
2. Increased thirst
Over time, this can cause dehydration and lead to a person feeling more thirsty than usual.
3. Always feeling hungry
Constant hunger or thirst could be early signs of type 2 diabetes.
Individuals with diabetes often having enough energy from the food they eat.
The digestive system breaks food down into a simple sugar called glucose, which the body uses as fuel. In people with diabetes, not enough of this glucose moves from the bloodstream into the body’s cells.
Consequently, people who have type 2 diabetes frequently feel constantly hungry, regardless of how recently they have eaten.
4. Feeling very tired
This tiredness occurs as a result of insufficient glucose moving from the bloodstream into the system’s cells.
5. Blurry vision
An excess of sweets in the blood can damage the tiny blood vessels in the eyes, which can cause blurry vision. This blurry eyesight can occur in one or perhaps both of the eyes and may come and go.
The damage to these arteries can become more severe, and permanent perspective loss may eventually occur.
6. Slow healing of cuts and wounds
High levels of sugar inside the blood might damage the body’s nerves and bloodstream, that may impair blood circulation. Because of this, even small cuts and wounds may take weeks or months to heal. Sluggish wound recovery also increases the risk of infection.
7. Tingling, numbness, or pain in the hand s or perhaps feet
High glucose levels can affect blood circulation and damage the body’s nerve fibers. In individuals with type 2 diabetes, this could result in pain or a sensation of tingling or numbness in the hands and feet.
This condition is known as neuropathy, and it can worsen over time and bring about more serious problems if a person does not get treatment for their diabetes.
8. Patches of dark skin
Armpit or groin can also signify a higher likelihood of diabetes. These patches may possibly feel very soft and velvety.
This skin condition is called acanthosis nigricans.
9. Itching and yeast infections
Excess sugar inside the bloodstream and urine provides food for yeast, which could lead to infection. Yeast infections tend to happen on warm, moist areas of the skin, such as the mouth, genital areas, and armpits.
The affected areas are usually itchy, yet a person may also experience burning, redness, and soreness.
Importance of early diagnosis of type 2 diabetes
An early diagnosis may help prevent complications.
Realizing the early indicators of type 2 diabetes can allow a person to get a diagnosis and treatment sooner. Getting appropriate treatment, making lifestyle changes, and controlling blood sugar may greatly improve someone’s health and quality of life and reduce the threat of complications.
Without treatment, persistently high blood sugar levels can cause severe and sometimes life-threatening difficulties, including:
Nerve harm, or neuropathy
Kidney disease, which can bring about a person needing dialysis
Eye disease or perhaps loss of eye-sight
Sexual problems in both men and women
which causes a serious and persistent increase in glucose levels. An illness or contamination will usually trigger HHNS, which may require hospitalization. This kind of sudden complication tends to affect older people.
Keeping blood sugar levels under control is crucial intended for preventing some of these complications. The longer that blood sugar levels remain uncontrolled, the higher the danger of other health problems.
Risk elements for diabetes mellitus type 2
These risk factors include:
Being 45 years of age or older
Living a sedentary lifestyle
Being overweight or obese
Eating an unhealthful diet
Having a family history of diabetes
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
Having a medical history of gestational diabetes, heart disease, or heart stroke
Early warning signs of Diabetes type 2 may include frequent peeing, increased being thirsty, feeling tired and hungry, vision problems, slow wound curing, and yeast infections.